Hearing Loss – Types, Causes and Treatments

Hearing Loss:

Many Australian adults will suffer from hearing loss during their lifetime or be affected by a friend or family member who suffers from it. There are several types of hearing loss and various causes.

Hearing loss can have a detrimental impact on our social, emotion and mental well-being. Therefore, the hearing services we provide need to be centered around the involvement of the individual’s family, friends and community.

The treatments available for hearing loss range from medical intervention to the fitting of a hearing device/s with counselling and Auditory training.

It is vital that you have a thorough assessment conducted so the appropriate treatment can be administered.


Hearing Loss Causes and Symptoms:

Causes of hearing loss:

  • Outer ear, ear canal, middle ear structures or inner ear structurers being malformed
  • Build-up of fluid in the middle ear
  • Ear infections
  • Eustachian tube dysfunction
  • Perforated ear drum
  • Infection in the ear canal
  • Wax occlusion
  • Tumours in the ear canal
  • Foreign body in the ear
  • Otosclerosis
  • Exposure to loud noise
  • Head trauma
  • Virus or disease
  • Congenital hearing loss
  • Ageing (presbycusis)
  • Meniere’s disease
  • Tumours in the inner ear

Symptoms of hearing loss: Symptoms of hearing loss can be manifested socially, emotionally and physically. These symptoms are as follows:


  • Asking people to repeat parts of the conversation frequently.
  • Difficulty following conversations in groups of people.
  • Having trouble hearing conversations in noisy environments such as café’s, restaurants, shopping centres and family gatherings.
  • Lip reading.
  • Having trouble hearing people with soft voices.
  • Believe people are mumbling or speaking to soft.
  • Listening to the T.V or radio with the volume excessively high.
  • Answering questions wrong or making misleading gesturers.
  • Accidently ignoring questions or statements.


  • Withdrawing from social events.
  • Feeling stressed and anxious about socialising with friends or meeting new people.
  • Strained relationships.
  • Feeling of isolation.


  • Ringing in the ears. (Tinnitus)
  • The effect Ototoxic drugs can have on the hearing mechanism.
  • Exposure to noise for prolonged periods of time.
  • Traumatic injury to the ear.
  • Congenital hearing loss.
  • Malformation of the ear.

The result of hearing loss is caused by damage to the Peripheral Auditory system. The three types of hearing loss are:

  • Conductive hearing loss – A conductive hearing loss is caused by specific problems occurring in the ear canal, ear drum or middle ear.
  • Sensorineural hearing loss- A sensorineural hearing loss is caused by specific problems occurring in the inner ear (Cochlea) or with the Auditory Nerve.

Mixed hearing loss – A mixed hearing loss is caused by a combination of conductive and Sensorineural problems.


Diagnosis and Treatments for Hearing Loss:

At The Hearing Hub, we offer professional and friendly hearing services based on researched scientific based clinical methodologies and practices that will help find you optimal solution for your hearing needs.

We can visit your home, nursing home, or you can visit one of our offices in Newcastle, Lake Macquarie, Port Stephens, Hawks Nest, Maitland or Singleton.

Once we have conducted a comprehensive hearing assessment, a rehabilitation plan will be created for you. Whether its sending you back to your GP to obtain a referral to a Ear Nose and Throat Specialist, testing your hearing annually or creating a hearing rehabilitation program for you, we will always put your hearing needs first.

Seeking help for your hearing loss and hearing needs can provide you with the outcomes that can enhance your quality of life and improve your social, emotional and mental well being. Hearing loss doesn’t just affect our ability to hear speech, it effects the way we interact with our friends, family and community on a daily basis. Maintaining our ability to communicate daily is vital to living a positive healthy life. 

For more information about our hearing loss rehabilitation programs contact The Hearing Hub today on (02) 4910 4074.